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NUR4166 Templates and Definitions for PICOT Questions

NUR4166 Templates and Definitions for PICOT Questions

Templates and Definitions for PICOT Questions

PICOT is an acronym for:

Patient Population (P),

Intervention or Issue of Interest (I),

Comparison intervention or Issue of Interest (C),

Outcome(s) (O),

Time [for intervention to affect achieve outcome] (T)

Select ONE of the templates below that best fits YOUR research question.

1. Intervention or therapy

To determine which treatment leads to the best outcome

In _____________________ (P),

how does ______________ (I)

compared with _________ (C)

affect __________________ (O)

within _________________ (T)?

 

2. Etiology

To determine the greatest risk factors or causes of a condition

Are ______________________________ (P)

who have ________________________ (I),

compared with those without ________ (C),

at (increased or decreased) risk for ____________________ (O)

over _____________________________ (T)?

 

3. Diagnosis or diagnostic test

To determine which test is more accurate and

precise in diagnosing a condition

In ______________________________ (P),

are/is ___________________________ (I)

compared with ___________________ (C)

more precise in diagnosing _______ (O)?

 

 

4. Prognosis or prediction

To determine the clinical course over time

and the likely complications of a condition

In ___________________ (P),

how does ____________ (I)

compared with ________ (C),

influence _____________ (O)

over _________________ (T)?

 

5. Meaning

To understand the meaning of an experience

for a particular individual, group, or community

How do ______________ (P)

with _________________ (I)

perceive ______________ (O)

during _______________ (T)?

 

 

 

Reference – Stillwell, S.B., Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B.M., & Williamson, K.M. (2010). Evidence-based practice step by step. Asking the clinical question: A key step in evidence-based practice. American Journal of Nursing, 110 (3).

 

Templates and Definitions for PICOT Questions

 

PICOT is an acronym for:

 

Patient Population (P),

 

Intervention or Issue of Interest (I),

 

Comparison intervention or Issue of Interest (C),

 

Outcome(s) (O),

 

Time [for intervention to affect achieve

outcome] (T)

 

Select ONE of the templates below that best fits YOUR research question.

 

1.

Intervention or therapy

 

To determine which treatment leads to the best outcome

 

In _____________________ (P),

 

how does ______________ (I)

 

compared with _________ (C)

 

af

fect __________________ (O)

 

within _________________ (T)?

 

 

2.

Etiology

 

 

To determine the greatest risk factors or

 

causes of a condition

 

Are ______________________________ (P)

 

who have ________________________ (I),

 

compared with those without ________ (C),

 

at

(increased or decreased)

 

risk for ____________________ (O)

 

over _____________________________ (T)?

 

 

3.

Diagnosis or diagnostic test

 

To determine which test is more accurate and

 

precise in diagnosing a condition

 

In ______________________________ (P),

 

are

/is ___________________________ (I)

 

Templates and Definitions for PICOT Questions

PICOT is an acronym for:

Patient Population (P),

Intervention or Issue of Interest (I),

Comparison intervention or Issue of Interest (C),

Outcome(s) (O),

Time [for intervention to affect achieve outcome] (T)

Select ONE of the templates below that best fits YOUR research question.

1. Intervention or therapy

To determine which treatment leads to the best outcome

In _____________________ (P),

how does ______________ (I)

compared with _________ (C)

affect __________________ (O)

within _________________ (T)?

 

2. Etiology

To determine the greatest risk factors or causes of a condition

Are ______________________________ (P)

who have ________________________ (I),

compared with those without ________ (C),

at (increased or decreased) risk for ____________________ (O)

over _____________________________ (T)?

 

3. Diagnosis or diagnostic test

To determine which test is more accurate and

precise in diagnosing a condition

In ______________________________ (P),

are/is ___________________________ (I)

Part 1. PICOT Question

Using one of the PICOT Questions Templates provided, present the PICOT question. Please use the attached template and then copy and paste it into your response. Do not attach the actual document.

NUR4166 Templates and Definitions for PICOT Questions_KU.docx Part 2. Clinical Significance Statement

Briefly provide Clinical Significance supported by the literature. Clinical significance means that the literature provides evidence to support the practice as important to patient care, patient outcomes, and as such is the best choice for patient care.

Heavey, E. (2015). Differentiating statistical significance and clinical significance. AmericanNurseToday, 10(5), 26-28.

Heavey 2015.pdf Example – please note this is an older previous students work and so some references are older than 5 years. Be sure to provide the PICOT question to begin this post.

PICOT Question:

P=Patient Population

I=Intervention

C=Comparison

O=Outcome

T=Time (duration):

In patients in the hospital, (P)

how does frequently provided patient hand washing (I)

compared with patient initiated hand washing (C)

affect hospital acquired infection (O)

within the hospital stay (T)

Clinical Significance

Hand hygiene is one of the most advocated strategies in the hospital setting to reduce hospital acquired infection (HAI). According to Strigley, Furness, and Gardam (2014), patients were given real time location systems (RTLS) to count the number of times patients accessed a hand hygiene station (p 1336). There are four moments when hand hygiene may be indicated to reduce their risk of acquiring HAI, using the bathroom, before eating, and when entering and leaving their rooms (Strigley, Furness, Gardam, 2014, p 1336). The hospital floor consists of hand a sanitizer dispenser and soap dispensers with transponders that counted how many times the patients used the hand washing station. Organisms such as Clostridium difficile, or Norovirus may be transmitted from their own soiled hands (Strigley, Furness, Gardam, 2014, p 1336). Hand washing can reduce the number of organisms, which in turn can reduce infections. Although it might be hard to measure and gather more data on hand hygiene, the RTLS is one way to measure if hand hygiene is performed. Closely observing patients and reminding them can also increase the number of times patients wash their hands.

Strigley, J., Furness, C., Gardam, M. (2014). Measurement of patient hand hygiene in multiorgan transplant units using a novel technology: An observation study. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 35 (11), 1336-1341. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/678419

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